The FPA Blog

Zika Update

This in from the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS)

On September 2, China's General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ) stated that it has decided to regionalize its Zika requirements for shipments of cargo from the United States based on a risk-assessment performed by AQSIQ, using data supplied by US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). AQSIQ experts determined that due to the low risk of Zika transmission through shipments of cargo, vessels originating from the United States, other than the state of Florida, do not require disinsection certification. However, if during the course of routine sampling and inspection, local CIQ officials discover any adult mosquitoes, eggs, larva or infected cases, the vessel and its contents will be subject to the full Zika requirements described below.  Also, if a vessel loads or unloads in Florida or a zika-infected country, it is subject to the full requirements.  AQSIQ will contineu to monitor the situation and may amend its decision to regionalize based on the Zika situation in the United States.

The following reflects FAS’s understanding of China’s Zika Requirements for U.S. - origin shipments to China from Florida:
1. Chinese authorities require all cargo shipments originating from the state of Florida to provide proof of disinsection upon arrival at the Chinese port, whether arriving by air or sea. This applies to all vessels that left Florida on or after August 5, with the exception of containers kept at or under a temperature of 15⁰C (59⁰F).

2. Disinsection treatment may be carried out by either physical or chemical means, and does not require fumigation. Physical means could include trapping, air curtains, or other integrated pest-management techniques. Chemical means could include surface spraying, space spraying, or fumigation, depending on the shipper’s choice. The treatment used should take into account human health and safety.

3. Treatment can be carried out at any point during the shipping process. For example, it is
acceptable for containers to be disinsected before loading, certified as mosquito free, then loaded in a mosquito-free environment.

4. Proof of disinsection does not need to be government-issued.

5. Either the vessel or the container must be certified, not the goods themselves.

6. The information to be included on the certificate has already been provided in the notice sent out by AQSIQ and. can be found on the FAS website.

7. All shipments found to contain live mosquito eggs, larvae, or mosquitoes during
inspection at the Chinese port will be subject to disinsection, including shipments that are chilled below 15 degrees Celsius (59 degrees Fahrenheit). Chinese authorities will direct a third party to perform any required disinsection in accordance with WHO guidelines as outlined in the AQSIQ announcement. The cost will vary at each port of entry, but AQSIQ estimates that it will be about RMB 200 ($30) for a 20-foot container and RMB 400 ($60) for a 40-foot container.

8. All WHO member countries where Zika is present will be treated in the same manner.

9. China’s policy applies to Zika and yellow fever, and will remain in effect until March 2017, subject to adjustment or renewal depending on the situation.